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History of State and Law №1 - 2014ИМПЕРИЯ И ЕЕ ЗАКОНЫ: РЕТРОСПЕКТИВА
Empire: the Wondering City and reflections thereof
The article analyses the idea of empire which prevails in medieval legal conscience. The influence of Rome was corrected by eshatological motives brought by the Christianity. The theological ideas were closely connected to legal ideas, corporate and Canons legal conscience. The medieval law was under certain influences of Canonic legislation and religious ideas. The political theology of medieval Europe was forming.
Key words: empire, rule, corporation, solidarity, sovereignty, legal structure, law, Canonic law, scholastics, kingdom, civil unity.
The Constitution of the Polish Kingdom of 1815
Internal agents in the struggle against terror in the Russian Empire at the end of the XIX - beginning of the XX centuries
The article considers the internal agency as a method to fight terror in the times of the Russian Empire. The author reveals the development of this method, highlighting its main stages: emergence of such idea, development of unwritten rules, consolidation of practice of use the internal agency in special instructions and circulars.
Key words: internal agency, secret police, instructions, circulars, combating terror, the Russian Empire.
Centralization and decentralization as principles of Russian state governance in the 18-19 centuries
The article analyses the reforms of state governance in Russia with a special focus on the interactions of the central and local governments. It also studies the issues of state authority delegated to local governance and the control system over its realization.
Key words: relations of state management, empowering with state powers, control system.
National territories and national politics in Russia: historical experience and comprehensive problems
Historically, the relations between Centre and national territories are developed on the basis of a combination of the various unified and differentiated approaches. The main criterion of development of these relations should become increase of potential and a role of region in an economic and cultural life of the country.
Key words: centre, national territories, centre-local relations, Russia, history.
Institute of punishment on the Projects of the Criminal Law of 1754-1766
This article analyzes the institution of punishment on the Projects of the Criminal Law of 1754—1766. The author believes that the current reform of the penitentiary system can not be carried out without taking into account historical experience, including legislative reform thought XVIII century. The concept of development of the penitentiary system of the Russian Federation until 2020, which was adopted by the Russian government in October 2010, according to the author, is entirely based on humanistic principles projects criminal code in 1754—1766, and other documents of the XVIII century. It is with the humanist tradition of the Criminal Law Project began the process ofjustifying the need to reform the prison system in the Russian Empire.
Key words: criminal law, the draft criminal code, penal law, The Concept of development of the penitentiary system in Russia until 2020, the punishment.
Theory and practice of criminal judicial proceeding: lessons of the Russian history
The article examines processes associated with theoretical formation of the most important categories included in the system of criminal law and criminal action law and existed in Soviet Russian in 1917—1920. The issues analyzed by the author are central for understanding of the special of a criminal prosecution in this history period.
Key words: power, state, revolutionary legal consciousness, law, court, decision, punishment.
Features of legal proceedings according to the Novgorod Judgment diploma
In the article debatable aspects of legal proceedings according to the Novgorod Judgment diploma come to light, stages and the principles of the Novgorod trial reveal. The subject of article reveals on the basis of the analysis of the Novgorod Judgment diploma and law-enforcement acts of the XIV—XV centuries.
Key words: Old Russian law, Novgorod law, Novgorod Judgment diploma, trial.
Permissions and prohibitions in criminal-penitentiary law in the context of penitentiary-pedagogy activities in the places of deprivation of freedom (1879-1917)
The article examines the experience of penal and educational activities in which persuasion and coercion is a dialectical relationship, and permission are included in the process offorming the motives prisoners aimed at their re-socialization.
Key words: permission, prohibitions, rewards and incentives, parole, sense of justice.
Institute of guilt in the Russian criminal legislation: historical aspect
This article is about the history of the institute of fault in the Russian criminal legislation. The author consistently describes the process of the creation of standard treatment offault, its forms and signs, since the first ideas of the subjective relation of the person to the performed act till modern level, and also characterizes the regulations from a position of the legislative textology.
Key words: lawmaking activity, legislative textology, fault, criminal result, intention, imprudence.
Punishment for negation: on the issue of juridical responsibility for distortion of historical facts
This article discusses the legal liability for the negation or distortion of historical facts.
Key words: criminal law, historical facts, Holocaust, negation.